|University Federico II
of Naples, Italy
Chemical products are present at all places and make our way of life possible.
High impact car bumper made of plastics
Plastics are cheap, safe, well-looking, light materials making bags, bottles, houseware, furniture, toys, components for automotive and electronic industries, pieces of machinery.
Natural and synthetic drugs help us to live longer and healthier.
Dyes make our dress, walls, cars lively and merry.
High performance materials enable us to live in hot and cold, wet and dry environments, to go underground and in space, to fly at supersonic speed.
Semiconductors make computers possible, like the one you are using.
... and so on
European chemical and pharmaceutical industries are the leading manufacturing sectors in terms of "value added per employee". The chemical industry’s value added per employee is nearly twice as high as the manufacturing average, and chemical industry alone accounts for about 11% of EU manufacturing industry's gross value added.
Chemical industry produces all kinds of goods for our welfare.
Even non-chemical industries need a lot of chemistry to work.
Energy sources are largely chemical.
Automotive, building, textile industries exploit much chemistry.
World economy and the job of the majority of people greatly depend, directly or indirectly, on Chemistry: the high value added products of the chemical industry continuously open up new fields of application and pave the way to progress and innovation in other industries: aerospace and car industries, telecommunications, electronics and the building sector.
Some chemicals are toxic, some present other hazards. Chemical activity, like all human activities, impacts on environment.
It's up to men and women to find the best trade-off between advantages and risks.
To properly handle chemical risks, we need a wise policy and a deep chemical knowledge.
Only a thorough understanding of Chemistry allows to properly evaluate risks and to define the best way of managing and limiting them.
The chemical industry works on behalf of itself and other industries to develop a cleaner policy and safer technologies to safeguard the environment: biotechnological processes, catalysts, membranes, fuel desulfurization plants, waste-recycling processes and new products.
Since 1990, Europe has reduced its GHG (greenhouse gas) emission intensity (emissions per unit of production) by 50% and the USA by 30%.
The development of new commodity plastics more suitable for environmental degradation and for recycling processes is a typical example of efforts made by chemistry researchers to reduce the environmental impact of products of the chemical industry.